Surfing Dictionary

surfing dictionary

Surfing Dictionary

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  • A-Frame
    A peak-shaped wave, with left and right shoulders, and the highest point of the crest in the middle of the peak.
  • Acetone
    Flammable, volatile, toxic chemical solvent used to clean polyester resin from tools, etc.
  • Aerial
    Complex small-wave maneuver in which both surfer and board launch into the air off the top of a wave, before dropping(...)
  • Airbrush
    The tool utilized by an artist to spray color onto a surfboard. The airbrush is driven by a compressor and sprays paint(...)
  • Alaia
    A kind of surfboard, made of real wood and generally about six feet in length, used by Hawaiian commoners to surf(...)
  • Aloha
    Hawaiian word used as a greeting, a send-off, a indication of affection and/or a wish for excellent fortune or mercy.
  • Angling
    Initial step toward performance in surfing. Refers to a surfer's riding across the wave face at an angle to the(...)
  • Ankle Slop
    Swells that are way too small to ride.    
  • Artificial Reef
    An underwater man-made structure with multiple motives: 1) supporting ailing ocean ecologies by providing sea fauna a(...)
  • Asymmetrical zippers
    Wetsuit zippers with staggered teeth, developed to keep a more restrictive seal and let much less water in. Common in(...)
  • Atmospheric Pressure
    The air pressure or force applied on the Earth's surface triggered by the weight of the air overhead, typically between(...)
  • Axe/Axed
    A hefty wipeout, generally involving the wave's lip impacting directly on a surfer. Also known as drilled, pummeled,(...)
  • Babe
    Surf and other slang for a smoking hot girl.  
  • Back Paddle
    When a surfer paddles in front and around somebody to get the nearest position to the wave peak or takeoff location(...)
  • Backdoor
    (verb) The act of taking off deep behind the peak or a section on a hollow wave, and surfing through the barrel or tube(...)
  • Backing off
    Right after a wave begins to stand up, steepen, or break in shallow water, but then moves through deeper water nearer(...)
  • Backside
    Alludes to the position in which you are facing a wave. Surfing backside indicates that the rear portion of your body(...)
  • Backwash
    A deflected wave usually caused by water pushing up onto a sharp grade of shoreline, which then pushes back out to sea(...)
  • Baggies
    Surf trunks created specifically for surfing which was derived from an aged term from the 50-60's. Surfers nowdays(...)
  • Bailout
    To abandon, dump or ditch off one's surfboard prior to getting wiped out by the wave, either when riding the wave or(...)
  • Balsa
    Light-weight, porous wood used through the 1940s and 1950s as an essential key material for surfboard production. Balsa(...)
  • Bamboo
    Sometimes used in thin laminar sheets as a alternative for fiberglass in the surfboard manufacturing process.
  • Barrel
    Also referred as tube, barrel is the area inside a breaking wave in between the lip and face. It's possible for a(...)
  • Bathymetry
    The topography of the ocean floor or underwater bottom, or the way of measuring the depths of bodies of water.  
  • Beach Break
    Waves breaking over a sand bottom right on the beach.  
  • Beach Bunnies
    Frequent American pop culture slang for a young woman who spends her free time at the beach. In the surf culture it(...)
  • Beavertail
    Very early wetsuit design in the '70s with a significant flap attached to the suit's lower back then wrapped below the(...)
  • Blank
    This is the initial block of foam, usually made from polyurethane foam, used to shape a surfboard. A blank typically(...)
  • Blindstitched
    Seam that's heavily glued together, then sewn midway through the fabric so you really don't see the sewing on the other(...)
  • Blown Out
    A surf condition triggered by robust onshore winds which generate an unappealing chop on the wave faces and through the(...)
  • Body Board
    The term originated with the Morey Boogie-board created by Tom Morey in the 1970's using a smaller soft foam board(...)
  • Bodyboarder
    A person who rides waves lying down on a bodyboard (Boogie Board). Often beginners, although some bodyboarders like(...)
  • Bodysurf
    To catch waves by swimming and without a board which was likely the initial type of surfing. In shallower waters(...)
  • Bomb
    Bomb is a very large wave which is normally well above the session's regular wave size.
  • Bombora
    Australian term for monsterous waves breaking further out from shore and separated by deep water and may also be known(...)
  • Bonzer
    Developed by the Campbell brothers, Duncan and Malcolm, in 1971 its one of the original surfboard designs and the(...)
  • Boost
    To soar from the lip area of a wave or to take off from a wave into an aerial.  
  • Bottom
    The underneath side of a surfboard.  
  • Bottom Curve
    (see Rocker)  
  • Bottom Turn
    Frequently, but not always, the initial move of a ride, a bottom turn is a wide ranging, highly effective move that(...)
  • Bowl
    Nicknamed "bowl" due to the fact the wave abruptly becomes concave from a wide range of angles, not simply from the(...)
  • Brah
    Hawaiian slang for brother or "bro".    
  • Break Line
    The break line is the basic line in the water where waves start to break. If all other factors are equal, waves should(...)
  • Breaking
    Breaking is when a wave moves from deeper water to more shallow water so the wave steepens as the wave energy is pushed(...)
  • Broken Up
    Also referred to as "scattered peaks", broken up surf conditions are when the waves proceed towards the beach and break(...)
  • Buckle
    (see crease)    
  • Bumpy
    Bumps on the ocean surface produced by wind, typically between 6-10 knots in velocity. Certainly not clean but also not(...)
  • Buoy
    A floating larger item moored to the bottom of the ocean to indicate a channel, anchor, shoal, rock, other object, etc.(...)
  • Carbon Fiber
    Carbon fiber is a form of superior fiber which is saturated in resin then is sometimes laid in pieces along the span of(...)
  • Carving
    When a superior surfer slices up a wave utilizing his board like a large knife. A surfing strategy in which the surfer(...)
  • Caught Inside
    A situation where a surfer is stuck between the shoreline and breaking waves and generally indicates the surfer will(...)
  • Central Pressure Index
    The minimum atmospheric pressure in the center or eye of a hurricane which is utilized to calculate the wind velocities(...)
  • Channel
    Credited to Jim Pollard of Australia dating back to 1970, the bottom shape of the board in which grooves are sliced(...)
  • Choppy
    Bumpy ocean and surf conditions that are rough because of excessively strong winds and/or currents in which wind(...)
  • Clean
    Excellent surfing conditions with respectable wave energy and a smooth or glassy ocean surface and extremely minimal(...)
  • Clean-up Set
    A significantly larger wave or a set of waves which breaks further outside than standard. A clean-up set generally(...)
  • Climbing and Dropping
    A very good technique for gaining speed while turning up and down the face of a wave as you surf down the line.  
  • Closeout
    When all portions of the wave-down the line or crest of the wave break at the same time which are not optimal for(...)
  • Cloudbreak
    A wave or waves that seldom break other than on large swells and breaks much deeper out to sea than typical usually(...)
  • Combo Swell
    A combination of swells from varying directions which will generate peaky and crossed up conditions as the waves merge(...)
  • Computer
    Many top shapers presently use extremely precise machines to cut blanks into near-ready made patterns, or "pre-shapes".(...)
  • Concave
    A design characteristic involving a slight scooping out of a region of the board, generally the bottom from rail to(...)
  • Consistent
    A surf condition when waves are arriving very regularly and in expected volumes.  
  • Consitent
    A surf condition when waves are arriving in very regularly and in expected volumes.  
  • Continental Shelf
    The underwater shelf stretching from a continent out to sea to a depth of about 165 fathoms or 1,000 feet. Long(...)
  • Contour
    A line on a map or chart symbolizing points of equal value in comparison to datum or the starting point. An isobath(...)
  • Cool
    The universal term alluding to all things good. The definitions of cool can be endless. Suffice it to say, one who(...)
  • Corduroy
    Describes the perspective of a sequence of swells pushing in from the horizon.  
  • Corners
    The ending sections or shoulders of waves, and a term generally used on the more closed out days when surfers attempt(...)
  • Crease
    Damage induced by hefty normal impact to a surfboard in which the surfboard flexes even more than the glass and resin(...)
  • Crest
    The lip or top portion of the wave or swell.    
  • Curl
    The area just ahead of the barrel, an Old School phrase used to illustrate the concave face of the wave just prior to(...)
  • Cutback
    A vintage surfing move utilized to modify the path when cruising ahead of the curl of a wave with a powerful turn back(...)
  • Cyclone
    An atmospheric closed circulation rotating counter-clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern(...)
  • Dawn Patrol
    Surf session in the very early morning typically before the sunrise. This time of day generally features the smallest(...)
  • Deck
    The top surface area of a surfboard on which you apply wax for traction.    
  • Deck Grip
    Gritted substance patch, usually a small fraction of an inch thick, which can be fused or glued to the deck of a(...)
  • Deep Water
    Water so deep that surface waves are not impacted by the bathymetry on the ocean floor. Usually water more than 1,000(...)
  • Deepwater Breaks
    Surfing areas where the swells have a sharp cross over from deep water to shallow water so the waves are usually bigger(...)
  • Degrees
    The unit of measurement for direction to evaluate where wind and swell track is arriving from. North is 0 or 360(...)
  • Delaminate
    A breakdown of the bond between the fiberglass and foam of a surfboard where the fiberglass gets divided from the foam.(...)
  • Designer
    An expert surfboard shaper or rider who comes up with new ideas for surfboard shapes. Also see shaper.    
  • Diffraction
    The process of wave energy filtering into the path of obstacles such as breakwaters by the exchange of the wave energy(...)
  • Ding
    Harm to a surfboard triggered by dropping or collision with another hard or course object or surfboard. Dings need to(...)
  • Direction
    The place the wind or swell is arriving from. In the maritime community, directions are often recognized as the(...)
  • Double Blindstiched
    Seam on the surfboard is fused together with glue and blindstitched on the exterior, switched inside out and(...)
  • Double Up
    When two waves merge which frequently generates an extra powerful wave with twice the volume of energy. Double up waves(...)
  • Down Rail
    Credited to Mike Diffenderfer of the United States in the 1960s, a rail (see rail) shape in which the deck angles down(...)
  • Down-the-Line
    A reference point to the course further along the crest of a wave from the position from where a surfer drops into the(...)
  • Drag
    The effect that leads to water flow to be slowed down or interrupted as it moves along a surfboard's surfaces. Reasons(...)
  • Drive
    The impact of water pressure forced against a surfboard's surface area which creates acceleration and speed down the(...)
  • Drop
    The first part of a ride when the surfer glides down the facial area of the wave.  
  • Drop-In
    When a surfer at first moves down along the face of the wave right after catching a wave. Also a expression used to(...)
  • Duck Dive
    To duck under a busted wave by forcing the front of your surfboard under the water while levering the rear of the board(...)
  • Dumping
    Used to characterized waves that are very hollow and hard-breaking.  
  • Duration
    In wave forecasting, the duration of time the wind blows in the same direction above the swell producing area or the(...)
  • Eddy
    A circular motion of air, water, or wind that builds up on the side of the primary body of movement. Eddies will build(...)
  • Entry
    A phrase utilized to describe the region of the surfboard where water initially makes contact with the rocker.  
  • Entry Line
    The imaginary line a surfer will visualize when dropping into a wave.  
  • Epoxy
    A form of plastic resin applied by some manufacturers as a replacement for polyester resin. Generally an epoxy-user(...)
  • Expanded Seam Technology (EST)
    Developed by a skin graft specialist in the late 1990s, Expanded Seam Technology (EST) is a way to have a "stitchless"(...)
  • Exposure
    A expression utilized to illustrate how breaks throughout a region will acquire an inbound swell relative to whether(...)
  • Extratropical
    A expression utilized to suggest that a tropical cyclone has dropped its "tropical" element which is a warm core heart(...)
  • Eye
    Also classified as the "eye of the storm", a somewhat tranquil area located near the center of storms usually(...)
  • Eyewall/Wall Cloud
    A dense, heavy band of clouds that encompass the eye or center of a tropical cyclone.    
  • Face
    The steepening shoreward front face of a wave where most surfing occurs.  
  • Face Height
    The measurement of wave height by the front side of the wave from the top crest to the low portion of the trough in(...)
  • Fade
    When a surfer drops in and angles back into the energy of the wave to get deeper and nearer to the breaking part of the(...)
  • Fan
    The spray produced from a powerful, slicing turn, making a trail of water, which may be briefly suspended in the air.(...)
  • Feathering
    A wave state just preceding to the wave breaking, when the crest of the wave starts to display a bit of whitewater as(...)
  • Fetch
    The region throughout the ocean over which a wind flow with a constant direction produces waves and sea state. The(...)
  • Fiberglass
    The interwoven glass fabric that is soaked with resin which is then applied in surfboard lamination to create the hard(...)
  • Fin Chop
    Injuries induced by the fins on a surfboard, which is usually someone elses board fins.
  • Fin System
    A catchall expression referring to numerous innovations enabling fins to be connected and removed effortlessly and(...)
  • Fins
    A Rudderlike device(s) used beneath a surfboard to enable management, control, direction and drive. Numerous distinct(...)
  • Firing
    Really good surf. Also called pumping, or going off.    
  • Fish
    A surf board style invented by Steve Lis of San Diego, California, that showcases a broad nose and wide swallow-type(...)
  • Flat
    When there are pretty much zero waves to surf or unridable surfing conditions. Some waves themselves also have "flat"(...)
  • Flatstitched
    Or flatlocked, seams that have the stitching sewed through the fabric; usually applied in warmer-water suits due to the(...)
  • Floater
    A move in which the surfer rides over and/or along the top of a breaking wave, sliding across broken foam or a pitching(...)
  • Foil
    The pace of change of width from nose to tail of a surfboard. In addition, the amount of change of thickness of a(...)
  • Forehand
    (see frontside)    
  • Forerunners
    On and a half times the swell period to be precise.    
  • Forward Vee
    (see reverse vee)    
  • Freeboarding
    Commonly pertains to the act of riding a surfboard behind a boat very comparable to water skiing which lead to tow-in(...)
  • Frontside
    Facing directly at the wave when surfing. A goofyfoot heading left or a regularfoot going right. Also known as(...)
  • Fujiwara Effect
    When two tropical cyclones rotate around each other. This is typically triggered by the lack of guiding winds in the(...)
  • Fullsuit
    As the title indicates, a wetsuit that covers the entire physique, although some organizations do produce short-arm(...)
  • Funboard
    A compromise surfboard style, mixing the exceptional paddling features of a longboard, but removed of some of the(...)
  • GMT
    Greenwich Mean Time. The Greenwich Meridian is situated at 0 degrees longitude, over a town named Greenwich in England.(...)
  • Gale Warning
    When maintained surface area winds are stated or anticipated to be in the range of 34 to 47 knots over the water, a(...)
  • Gasket
    Three locations on a suit: wrist, ankle joint and neck-where the rubber is rolled inwards to develop a rather stringent(...)
  • Glass Job
    The safety fiberglass and resin layer applied over the foam of a surf board.
  • Glasser
    A person which is employed to laminate surf boards making use of fiberglass and materials, hence the name.
  • Glassy
    A windless surf problem through which the texture of the sea area is ultra-smooth, like glass.
  • Glosscoat
    A final coat of thin, tough resin applied to many surfboards in order to bring up a slick glossy area.
  • Gnarly
    Hefty, extreme waves or circumstances. Seems frequently overused.
  • Going Off
    When the surf is extremely good and firing or pumping. Also, refers to a surfer who is surfing particularly well.
  • Goofy Foot
    A surfer which surfs right foot ahead and encounters the wave on lefts, and doesn't face the wave on rights.
  • Great Circle
    The quickest range in between two points on a rounded or spherical surface like the Earth, which is really a rounded(...)
  • Grom
    A youthful surfer commonly under the age of 16.  
  • Grommet
    A youthful surfer commonly under the age of 16.  
  • Groundswell
    A swell with a swell period over 11 seconds in between succeeding surges. Generally, the harder the wind strikes in a(...)
  • Gun
    A special surf board made to catch big waves. Usually longer compared to typical surf boards so the web surfer could(...)
  • Gusset
    The panel that extends down the arm, developed to make paddling less difficult.
  • Hang Ten
    A longboarding move in which the surfer hangs ten toes of both feet over the tip or front of the surfboard. Hanging(...)
  • Hard Core
    Incredibly devoted surfer or highly dedicated to the surfing way of life.  
  • Height vs. Period
    A measure of the amount of energy or wave height within each swell period band. Really reliable to see the amount of(...)
  • Hindcast
    The procedure of using previous wind and wave details to re-forecast the wave characteristics for a previous scenario.(...)
  • Hip the Flip
    Commonly seen as an competitive, highly effective move necessitating exceptional timing in which a surfer turns the(...)
  • Hollow
    A wave condition in which a barrel or tube forms beneath the lip area or crest of the wave, so when you get tubed on a(...)
  • Hollowboard
    Invented by Tom Blake of the USA in 1932, type of surfboard which used redwood sheets to create a lengthy, narrow board(...)
  • Hood
    Typically constructed from incredibly soft neoprene, as it needs to fit well; can conceal to merely under the nose in(...)
  • Hot Coat
    A coat of resin used during the laminating procedure, after the initial coat of resin and glass. So called given that(...)
  • Hot Curl
    A unique surfboard style created in the 1950s by Californian Dale Velzy.  
  • Hotdogging
    Older term typically specified as surfing for flash instead compared to function with little regard for making the(...)
  • Hull
    Typical in longboards developed before 1967, and in some longboards nowadays, a underside shape suggestive of a boat,(...)
  • Hurrican Season
    When the ITCZ (Inter Tropical Merging Zone) relocates to a point of 5 degrees or even more North or South of the(...)
  • Hurricane
    A tropical storm where the max preserved surface winds are 64 knots (74 mph) or more. These exotic cyclones are called(...)
  • Hurricane Warning
    An alert released by the National Hurricane Center that sustained gusts of wind 64 knots (74 mph) or greater in a(...)
  • Hurricane Watch
    An statement released by the National Hurricane Center for certain regions that hurricane conditions are feasible(...)
  • Impact Zone
    Place in the lineup just where the waves are commonly breaking. Surfers wish to prevent being captured in this spot(...)
  • Inconsistent
    A surf situation in which waves do not occur regularly or predictably, and there are lengthy, unclear delays in between(...)
  • Inside
    The takeoff location on a wave nearest to the curl than any other surfer. In addition, "caught inside" is getting(...)
  • Interval
    See swell period.  
  • Isobars
    Lines of equivalent atmospheric pressure on a weather graph or chart. The nearer the lines are together, the more(...)
  • Jacking Up
    A wave condition through which a swell increases very promptly as it passes from deeper water to more shallow water. A(...)
  • Jersey
    The molded internal material that keeps the neoprene together, created from any combination of nylon, polypropylene,(...)
  • Kevlar
    A kind of glass-plastic fabric which is ultra-strong and sometimes used by surfboard makers for specific products, but(...)
  • Kick
    A phrase alluding to amount of rocker in the tail.  
  • Kickout
    A ride terminating move in which the surfer turns out and over the back of the wave.  
  • Kneepads
    A lot of wetsuits feature molded kneepads, which are pre-molded rubber that on the face helps with mobility. Frequently(...)
  • Knot
    The maritime phrase for a nautical mile which equals roughly 1.2 miles per hour on land. Wind velocity and other speeds(...)
  • Kook
    A individual who has an overstated concept of his/her surfing ability and who consequently intervenes with other(...)
  • La Nina
    A cooling down of the ocean surface area off of the western coastline of South America. Is the opposite of El Nino.
  • Laminate
    The initial coat of resin adhered to a shaped surfboard blank. Laminating resin is utilized to bathe the fiberglass(...)
  • Latitude
    The proximity north or south of the Equator, as gauged in levels along a line or meridian. Each degree of latitude(...)
  • Layback
    A move where the surfer leans backside off of his/her board normally often in the barrel or while in a cutback.
  • Leash
    The urethane cord utilized to connect the surfer to a surfboard, paddleboard or bodyboard. Many times also referred to(...)
  • Leash Plug
    A compact plug with a crosswise metallic plastic material bar used to connect a leash to a surfboard which is normally(...)
  • Left
    A wave breaking toward the left from the vantage point of a surfer riding the wave. From a beachfront viewpoint it's a(...)
  • Length
    A phrase expounding on the surfboard's measurement from nose to tail down the stringer.
  • Line
    The swells nearing the shoreline just before they break which also refers to the course a surfer takes on a wave.
  • Line-Up
    The place where surfers park waiting around for upcoming waves generally basically outside of the impact zone or break(...)
  • Lined Up
    Frequently known as "mostly walled" in surfing reports, waves or swells with lengthy crests either in deeper water or(...)
  • Lined Up Peaks
    When a mixture of swells merge to generate very long peaks with long lined up rights and lefts. A bit distinct from(...)
  • Lip
    This is the place the majority of the moving energy of a wave is situated, the portion of a wave that pitches outward(...)
  • Locals
    Very long time regulars at a certain surf place or area. Locals might or might not live at or near the location, yet(...)
  • Locked In
    A 1960's phrase for when a surfer surfs in the barrel or tubed on a wave. A surfer accomplishes this by drawing into(...)
  • Long Period Swells
    A term used to recognize swells with swell periods over 16 secs in between successive waves. Because the swell energy(...)
  • Long Wave
    Waves with periods in excess of more than 30 seconds. These are incredibly unusual, and the quintessential forerunner.
  • Longboard
    A surfboard that is clearly longer and wider at the nose and tail than a regular "short" board. These boards are often(...)
  • Longitude
    The distance east or west of the prime meridian which is located at 0 degrees longitude at Greenwich, England, as(...)
  • Lull
    A interval of time when there is a break in the uniformity of the waves.
  • MEKP
    Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide is a noxious toxic compound utilized in small volumes as a catalyst or "hardener" for(...)
  • Macking
    When waves are genuinely large and firing with enormous peak. The waves don't have to be necessarily good for surfing,(...)
  • Mercator
    A form of chart that demonstrates a level surface area to the Earth which is basically curved. A straight line on the(...)
  • Meter
    The metric equivalent of 3.28 feet.  
  • Meters per second
    A scientific measurement for speed, which is equal to about one half of a knot. For example 10 meters per second would(...)
  • Midpoint
    The position on a surfboard precisely midway between the nose and tail, which is not specifically the wide point (see(...)
  • Millibars (mb)
    Units of atmospheric pressure equivalent to one thousandth (1/1000) of a bar. Conventional atmospheric pressure at sea(...)
  • Millimeters (mm)
    A metric measurement that alludes to the thickness of neoprene in which wetsuits are hardly ever all one thickness.(...)
  • Mini-back Zip
    A little zipper, frequently covered by a layer of rubber at the rear of it to avoid water seepage. It was formulated as(...)
  • Minigun
    A style attributed to Dick Brewer of Hawaii on or around 1968, which amongst other points exhibited the first hints of(...)
  • Molding/Molded Boards
    A general phrase for a kind of surfboard creation in which a tough plastic molded shell is injected with expanding foam(...)
  • Monochromatic Waves
    Waves produced in a research laboratory wave pool for scientific research where each wave has the exact same period and(...)
  • Mushy
    A surf condition in which waves are crumbly and gentle without any steepness to wave or significantly energy.
  • NPAC
    Abbreviated for North Pacific.
  • Nautical Mile
    The maritime term for a mile which equals approximately 1.2 statute miles on land. Wind speed and other velocities are(...)
  • Neoprene
    Discovered by Jack O'Neill in the 1940s in the section floor covering of a DC-3 airplane, wetsuit neoprene is extremely(...)
  • Nose
    Roughly the first twelve inches of the surfboard on the front side.
  • Noseguard
    The trade name, now growing to be generic, for a silicon tip developed to be affixed to the nose of a surfboard in(...)
  • Nylon
    Very smooth fabric, typically used as a liner/jersey, to prevent the neoprene from expanding and coming apart.
  • Off-the-lip
    An fairly advanced technique when a surfer turns the surfboard hard up to connect with the lip of the wave as it is(...)
  • Offshore
    Winds that blow in the direction of the ocean from the land, generally generating clean and groomed surf conditions.(...)
  • Olo
    A type of surfboard, sixteen to eighteen feet in length and made of Koa or wiliwili wood, used by Hawaiian royalty to(...)
  • Onshore
    Winds that blow in from the ocean in the direction of the shore. Mostly onshore winds in excess of 8 knots create chop(...)
  • Out the Back
    see Outside.  
  • Outline
    The defining form of a surfboard from nose to tail as observed from the deck or bottom. Outline is the very first step(...)
  • Outside
    The space outside of the lineup or break line where surfers in the lineup originally observe sets of waves as they(...)
  • Over the falls
    The most severe possible wipeout in which a surfer is sucked back over the top of the wave as it breaks then free-falls(...)
  • Overall Height and Period
    The significant wave height and also dominant wave period that is typically reported from the offshore buoys.(...)
  • Overhead
    Wave elevations that are in excess of the height of the surfer on the wave. Typically utilized as a measurement level(...)
  • Paipo
    A wooden bodyboard or handboard traditionally used by Hawaiians and other Pacific islanders.
  • Panels
    Neoprene is sliced into sheets that are shaped to numerous parts of the body and then joined with each other at the(...)
  • Peak
    A wave with a noticeably larger central point of the wave, tapering down smaller in the direction of the shoulders or(...)
  • Peak periods
    The swell interval with the most energy throughout a wave or swell occurrence. Commonly a swell will at first appear(...)
  • Peaky Lines
    A mixture of Lined Up and Peaky, the wave is a long line linking across the beach with defined peaks distributed along(...)
  • Pearl
    After pearl diving, a wipeout where the nose or front of the surfboard goes beneath the water, normally when dropping(...)
  • Peeling
    A wave environment in which the wave breaks flawlessly from takeoff all the way down the line, the lip developing a arc(...)
  • Period
    See swell period or interval.  
  • Phazer
    A style of surfboard design with golfball-like dimples on the bottom side in which the dimples are designed to create(...)
  • Pidgin
    Pidgin is the street lingo of the Hawaiian and other islands in the Pacific. In language terms, pidgin is a made easier(...)
  • Pigdog
    Crouching low and grabbing the rail of a surfboard when heading backside to keep in the barrel or tube.
  • Pintail
    A tail contour in which the two sides of the board blend together in clean curves to form into a point. The pintail is(...)
  • Pit
    The power area of a intense, hollow wave, generally a barrel or tube. This is where you desire to be if you're a(...)
  • Pitching Out
    A wave environment in which the lip throws forward generating a quite hollow wave face, tube, or barrel which happens(...)
  • Planer
    An electric powered tool intended originally for carpentry and co-opted by surfboard shapers to trim foam from the(...)
  • Plug
    In shaping a surfboard, a incredibly crafted shaped blank generated by a leading designer as a template for a computer(...)
  • Plungin Waves
    Mostly a scientific term to identify steep and hollow waves that break swiftly with loads of power.
  • Point break
    Variety of surf break when waves wrap around a point of land generating flawlessly lined up and peeling waves. The(...)
  • Polar stereographic
    A type of weather graph or chart which exhibits the rounded surface of the Earth, in contrast to a Mercator chart which(...)
  • Polyester
    A form of plastic resin which is the most typical variety utilized in surfboard production.
  • Polypropylene
    A material, which doesn't absorb water, that was substituted in many nylon linings in wetsuits in the late 1980's and(...)
  • Polystyrene
    A plastic-type foam utilized to create surfboard blanks, usually made in concert with epoxy resins.
  • Polyurethane
    A form of plastic foam which is the most prevalent kind used in surfboard production usually added collectively with(...)
  • Pop-up
    The practice of a surfer getting to ones feet on a surfboard just following catching the wave.
  • Primary Swell
    The prominent swell in the water at a particular spot like a buoy. The second dominant swell would be referred to as(...)
  • Prog
    Acronym for prognosis chart which is a weather conditions graph or chart for a predicted time in the future. Surf(...)
  • Propagation
    The expression interpreting the motion of swells via the ocean. Waves and swells will "propagate" from the storm origin(...)
  • Pull In
    The approach of rotating the surfboard upwards to get into the barrel or the tube.
  • Pull Out
    See kick out.  
  • Pumping
    The act of doing deep rapid turns on a surfboard to accelerate down the line. In addition, superb surf conditions with(...)
  • Punchy
    A surf condition in which the waves are impressive, but not amazingly so which is often utilized to described short(...)
  • Quiver
    Ownership of a variety of surfboards pairing various lengths, rockers, templates and bottom contours appropriate for(...)
  • Racy
    A further term for a quick wave. A racy wave is makeable but truly speedy down the line so you need to have a lot of(...)
  • Radical
    Applied to illustrate extraordinary and extreme maneuvers, scenarios, or circumstances.
  • Radius of Maximum of Winds
    The length from the center of a tropical cyclone to the region where the highest possible winds are located. In(...)
  • Rail
    The edge of a surfboard where the deck wraps around to meet up with the underside generally applied to identify the(...)
  • Rail grab
    Holding or gripping the rail of a surfboard to retain control which is most typically made use of in backside(...)
  • Rake
    As measured lengthwise down the surfboard, the length between the rear edge of the fin base and the tip of the fin.
  • Re-entry
    A traditional maneuver in which the surfer goes through and/or over the lip of the wave, nearly to the position of(...)
  • Real time
    The illustrative phrase for details collected and spread at in close proximity to the present time.
  • Reef break
    Normally more reliable than a beach or pointbreak, surf that breaks over a solid base, typically rock or coral, rather(...)
  • Reflection
    A surf condition in which a wave or swell bounces off a hard object like a jetty or rock, and then re-converges back(...)
  • Refraction
    The bending or turning of the wave crests in the direction of shallow water. When a wave drags its bottom level about(...)
  • Regular Foot
    A surfer who surfs left foot frontward and faces the wave on his/her right, and doesn't face the wave on lefts. May(...)
  • Release
    The effect that enables water flow to be accelerated as it moves along a surfboard's surfaces. The triggers of release(...)
  • Resin
    A liquefied plastic that is catalyzed and set hard when combined with MEKP which is used in surfboard production to(...)
  • Reverse Vee
    Credited to Maurice Cole of Australia, a base shape dating back to 1991 in which vee is placed in the front side of the(...)
  • Right
    A wave breaking towards the right from the vantage of a surfer riding the wave. From a beach perspective, a wave(...)
  • Rip
    Also referred to as current or riptide; water traveling along the shoreline or seaward in a coherent recognizable mass.(...)
  • Rocker
    The curve of the surfboard bottom from nose to tail looked at from the side of the board. Almost definitely the solo(...)
  • Round tail
    A tail shape in which the two sides of the board come in concert in smooth curves to form a semicircle. The round tail(...)
  • Roundhouse cutback
    A very advanced maneuver, a total 180-degree directional switch in which the surfer pivots from the shoulder all the(...)
  • Rubber arms
    The sensation of extremely weakened arms following a whole lot of paddling. Many newbies will typically experience(...)
  • Runoff
    Sometimes alluded to as urban runoff, storm water runoff and non-point source pollution, this type of pollution is(...)
  • S-Core
    Trade name for the hollow surfboard blank developed by sports apparatus company Salomon and produced from styrene foams(...)
  • SPAC
    Abbreviated term for South Pacific.  
  • Sand through
    An blunder in manufacturing, in which the sander cuts through all the resin/glass layers and reveals the foam core.
  • Sanding Resin
    (see hotcoat)  
  • Sandpaper
    Abrasive paper attached with a wide range of grit types which is made use of in most stages of surfboard creation. As(...)
  • Santa Ana Wind
    A dry, gusty, and very hot offshore winds in Southern California which basically originate within the Rocky Mountains.(...)
  • Scattered Peaks
    Surfing conditions in which waves break apart into various peaks/lines with a obvious separation in between the ridable(...)
  • Sea state
    A expression utilized to illustrate the mixture of various waves in the ocean in a specific location. The mix of these(...)
  • Seams
    Seams are the connecting area in between panels on a wetsuit and are one of the most essential factors and the emphasis(...)
  • Secondary Swell
    The second dominant swell at a specific spot like a buoy.  
  • Section
    A self-contained portion of a breaking wave that breaks too rapidly ahead of the primary curl of the wave. Certainly,(...)
  • Set
    A sequence of waves nearing the lineup. Waves nearly always appear in sets, and the periods between sets are called(...)
  • Shallows
    Commonly, water depth less than one-half the wavelength (the distance between wave crests) of the waves is regarded(...)
  • Shape
    The expression utilized to rate the quality of waves as they break down the line. Very poor shape is if the waves are(...)
  • Shaper
    The surfboard personnel who planes and sands a blank to the wanted shape just previous to glassing, although, not(...)
  • Shoaling
    When waves near shallower water on shoreline, their lower reaches start to drag over the ocean floor and that added(...)
  • Shorebreak
    Waves that break literally on the beach. Commonly not surfable, and more potent and steeper than a regular beachbreak,(...)
  • Short-period swells
    A term referred to by surf forecasters to identify swells with swell periods under 15 seconds in between consecutive(...)
  • Shortboard
    A smaller sized, performance surfboard frequently in the 5 to 7 foot range, developed for maximum speed through turns. (...)
  • Shoulders
    The unbroken section of a breaking wave which a surfer will cruise from the breaking part of the wave toward the(...)
  • Shredding
    Superior, high-energy surfing with highly effective snapping techniques.  
  • Sideshore
    Winds that approach the waves from the side, that blow parallel to the coastline, instead of directly from the land or(...)
  • Significant wave height
    The typical elevation of the highest one third of all the waves at a given position like a buoy. Essentially all wave(...)
  • Significant wave period
    The prominent swell interval of the highest one third of all the waves at a particular location.
  • Single Fin
    Single fin surfboard style dating back to the initial use of the fin on a surfboard by Tom Blake of the USA in the(...)
  • Sinus drain
    Post surfing nose drip. When a surfer wipes out, water is likely to find its way into the nasal cavity, the opening(...)
  • Skeg
    An older name for the fin on a surfboard. (see fin)  
  • Sloppy
    Unorganized rough or choppy surf from the currents, wind, or tides.
  • Slotted
    Situated perfectly in the tube or under the curl of a wave which can also be identical to getting barreled or tubed.(...)
  • Snake
    A individual who consistently sneaks around behind other surfers in order to take more waves or at least the act of(...)
  • Snap back
    A rapid, short cutback into the power of the wave often used in the steep part of the wave when the quick move will(...)
  • Sneaker set/Sleeper Set
    A rogue set of waves that normally catches all the surfers in the lineup "sleeping" or simply not paying attention.
  • Soft board
    Surfboard for newcomers with a soft-top or deck made with a firm foam-like substance. Some of the older soft boards(...)
  • Soul arch
    A timeless maneuver when a surfer arches his back through a crucial section of the wave to illustrate laid-back control(...)
  • Soup
    An mature term utilized to describe the white water from a broken wave. May also be called whitewater.
  • Spat out
    When a surfer finishes a deep barrel or tube ride in a hollow wave, and leaves the tube at the same moment air(...)
  • Spilling waves
    Commonly a scientific expression used to identify a soft wave when the crest breaks gradually as the wave journeys(...)
  • Spit
    The spray that leaves a hollow tube or barrel which is caused by and increase in air pressure inside the tube, so the(...)
  • Springsuit
    Short armed, shorter legged wetsuit, often 2mm. typically used in cool water. (Some companies do assemble long-armed(...)
  • Squaretail
    A surfboard tail form in which the rails end abruptly, creating a box shape in which the squaretail glides nicely and(...)
  • Squashtail
    A altered squaretail in which the square tips are softened in which the squashtail brings together squaretail flotation(...)
  • Stall
    A maneuver developed to decelerate a surfboard so the surfer can let the energy section of the wave catch up.
  • Standout Break/Standout Spot
    A surf forecasting expression for a a highly noticeable which would be the best surf spot for the next inbound swell(...)
  • Steep
    A very vertical wave face where the crest or lip of the wave throws forward to generate a tube or barrel. In addition,(...)
  • Stick
    Slang for a surfboard.  
  • Stinger
    Attributed to Ben Aipa of Hawaii and ridden with remarkable innovative results by Dane Kealoha, Button Kaluhiokalani(...)
  • Stocked
    An original surfing term for being incredibly happy or elated.  
  • Storm Warning
    A warning issued by the National Weather Service when present or forecasted ocean surface wind speeds are sustained at(...)
  • Storm surge
    The excessive elevation in the sea level associated with a hurricane or other intense storm, typically caused by wind(...)
  • Stormy
    Trashed surfing conditions with high winds, large chop in the water, and commonly accompanied by rain, hail, snow,(...)
  • Straightening off
    Details a move in which a surfer turns in the direction of the beach when the wave has closed out or is too fast to(...)
  • Stress point taping
    Gluing tape that is sliced into small pieces and positioned on the seams in various pressure points all over the suit,(...)
  • Stringer
    The glue or wood lamination position, typically in the heart of a surfboard. Wood stringers add mass but provide the(...)
  • Subtropical Cyclone
    A low-pressure system commonly located between 15 and 35 degrees Latitude that has features of both a tropical and(...)
  • Subtropical Depression
    A subtropical cyclone in which the highest possible sustained surface wind speeds are less than 33 knots (38 mph).
  • Subtropical strorm
    A subtropical cyclone in which the highest sustained surface wind speeds are greater than 34 knots (39 mph).
  • Superstretch
    Trade name alluding to a specific brand's most flexible rubber, often only employed in high-motion areas like the(...)
  • Surf Leash
    The urethane cable used to connect a surfer to a surfboard or bodyboard which is also sometimes called a leg rope.
  • Surf beat
    The rhythm of routine rise and collapse in coastal water levels triggered by sets of waves as they get there and create(...)
  • Surf camp
    Accommodations for surfers and surfing fanatics where you can study how to surf.
  • Surf height
    The measurement of height of breaking waves along the coast measured by wave heights by the face of the wave for(...)
  • Surf zone
    The region along the coastline where there are breaking waves and lines of whitewater going shoreward in the direction(...)
  • SurfTech
    Trade name, which may grow to be generic, expounding on a type of epoxy molded surfboard-manufacturing procedure(...)
  • Surfari
    A vintage surfing term for a surf trip; from African safari.
  • Surfer's Ear
    Long-term direct exposure to cold water and wind that forces a build-up of bone inside the ear canal called diffuse(...)
  • Surfology
    The science of surfing, surf forecasting, and the surfing lifestyle.
  • Surform
    A instrument comparable to a file, utilized by some shapers to make modest cuts and corrections to a shape prior to(...)
  • Surging waves
    A scientific term to describe waves that don't have time to break because the transition from deep-water to shallow(...)
  • Swallowtail
    Surfboard tail shape in which the rails end abruptly and a vee is cut back in in the direction of the stringer. The(...)
  • Swell
    Wind generated waves that have moved over and above their generating area, often from a storm far out to sea in which(...)
  • Swell direction
    Where the swell is arriving from. In the marine community, swell direction is always recognized from the swell source,(...)
  • Swell height
    The average height of the greatest one-third of the swells with swell period energies lasting in excess of 11 seconds(...)
  • Swell period
    The peak period of the swell energy in seconds. If there are multiple swells at a particular spot, then the peak period(...)
  • Swell shadow
    The area at the rear of an island, point of land, or other obstructions where the swell and waves have been impeded by(...)
  • Swell window
    The opening through which swells and waves may successfully pass between islands or about points of land. Also note the(...)
  • Synoptic chart
    A graph or chart displaying numerous meteorological findings and observations over a particular spot at a certain time.
  • Tail
    The backside 12 inches or so of a surfboard.  
  • Tail Patch/Traction Pad
    see deck grip.  
  • Tailside
    A move in which a surfer pushes the fins free from the water so the tail glides around swiftly. A extremely challenging(...)
  • Take-off
    The starting point of a ride when the surfer paddles for a wave, and then forces his/her body up to a standing up(...)
  • Tandem surfing
    The act of two people surfing jointly on a single board at same time. Tandem surfboard riding was given birth to at(...)
  • Taped seams
    Nylon tape is fused down the seams, protecting the stitching that exists. Long regarded a essential evil to hold water(...)
  • Template
    A wooden sheet carved into an fictional surfboard curve used by a shaper or developer to draw outlines onto a blank(...)
  • Tertiary swell
    The third dominant swell at a particular position. The primary swell is the dominant swell, then followed by the(...)
  • Thickness
    A surfboard's sizing as calculated from the deck to the very bottom of the board.
  • Thruster
    Three-fin surfboard style developed by Simon Anderson of Australia in 1980 which is now one of the most popular fin(...)
  • Tint
    Chemical used to color the resin utilized in sealing fiberglass onto a conventional surfboard which has largely been(...)
  • Titanium
    A softer metal sometimes woven into neoprene as early as 1991, allegedly to retain heat back to the surfer.
  • Tombstoning
    When a surfer is way underwater with the surf leash expanded out to a point where the tail of the surfboard is being(...)
  • Tow board
    A surfboard created especially to be used during tow-in surfing, usually in heavy surf, commonly noticeable by extreme(...)
  • Tow surfing
    The act of towing into waves behind a personal watercraft instead of paddling into waves which has been a major move(...)
  • Trim
    A state in which the surfer and board go across a wave face at specifically the speed required to sustain position on(...)
  • Tropical Cyclone
    A warm-core cyclone, beginning over tropical or subtropical waters, with a closed surface wind circulation around a(...)
  • Tropical Depression or Disturbance
    A warm-core cyclone, coming initially from over tropical or subtropical waters, in which the maximum sustained surface(...)
  • Tropical Storm Warning
    A warning issued by the National Hurricane Center (NHC) that the winds within the range of 34 to 63 knots (39 to 73(...)
  • Tropical Storm Watch
    A statement for specific coastal areas that tropical storm conditions are achievable within 36 hours.
  • Tropical wave
    A disturbance, trough, or cyclonic curvature in the trade-wind easterlies originating over tropical or subtropical(...)
  • Trough
    The very bottom portion of a wave as it begins to break, or in deep water, the middle or lowest region between two wave(...)
  • Tsunami
    Commonly, and not correctly, referred to as a tidal wave, a Tsunami consists of long period ocean waves produced by(...)
  • Tube
    See barrel.  
  • Tucked edge
    A rail style made popular in the late 1970s in which a "soft" or rounded rail is finished at the bottom with a somewhat(...)
  • Turtle
    A paddling move to help decrease resistance when paddling through whitewater, by rolling the surfboard upside down,(...)
  • Twinfin
    The Two-fin surfboard pattern with a long and intriguing history , which is connected to four-time world surfing(...)
  • Twinzer
    Four-fin surfboard design and style developed by Will Jobson of California in 1990 which contributes control to the(...)
  • Two-wave hold down
    During an epic wipeout, being held under water for two successive waves afterwards. Commonly only happens in large surf(...)
  • Vee
    A bottom shape in which the stringer is beneath the rails when seen from the side. This originated in the tail area(...)
  • Velcro
    Patented hook and loop fastener which is utilized primarily in zipperless suits to link overlapping panels and in(...)
  • Victory at Sea
    A surf environment in which the waves are extremely choppy and windblown. Extracted from the old classic "Victory At(...)
  • Wahine
    The Hawaiian word for a female, typically used to identify a female surfer.
  • Warranty
    Depends on maker, which is often one year on materials and life long on seams. Although as suits become increasingly(...)
  • Waterman
    A person boasting complete expertise of pretty much all oceanic endeavors. The respected waterman can fish, dive, surf,(...)
  • Wave
    A ridge of energy on the surface area of the water triggered by a disturbance, which then advances from one position to(...)
  • Wave Period
    The time in seconds between consecutive wave crests as they pass a fixed point on the ocean surface area, for instance(...)
  • Wave Steepness
    The relation between wave height to the wavelength. A expression used by the National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) to(...)
  • Wave decay
    As waves shift out of the storm region where they were produced, they minimize significantly in size within the first(...)
  • Wave height
    The vertical distance between a wave crest and the wave trough.
  • Wave length
    The distance between consecutive wave crests.  
  • Wave spectrum
    The numerical formula demonstrating the distribution of wave energy in the various wave frequencies or wave periods. By(...)
  • Wax
    A compound rubbed on the top or the deck of a surfboard for grip. Necessary because of to the slick nature of a board's(...)
  • Wedge
    A wave environment in which two waves meet with each other and merge in from the sides to generate a a lot more potent(...)
  • Wetsuit
    Normally made of a synthetic rubber called neoprene, wetsuits are utilized by surfers for protection from the(...)
  • White caps
    Ocean churn and chop generated by winds over 12 knots. As the wind accelerates the chop height also raises to a level(...)
  • Wide point
    The position on a surfboard where width is greatest (see width).  
  • Width
    A phrase referring to the surfboard's measurements from rail to rail, calculated at various key points by the(...)
  • Wind barbs
    A graphical symbolic representation of measurement applied on weather charts to illustrate wind course and speeds. The(...)
  • Wind duration
    In wave forecasting, the duration of time the wind blows in the exact same direction about the swell generating(...)
  • Wind surge
    The rise in mean sea level triggered by the "piling up" of water on the coastline by the wind.
  • Wind velocity
    Wind speed is one of the three essential components in the basic wave creation formula along with wind duration and(...)
  • Wind waves
    The mixture of short period waves originally formulated by the wind blowing over the ocean surface. The combo of these(...)
  • Windswell
    A form of swell with a swell period of less than 11 seconds between subsequent waves. As a guideline, the harder the(...)
  • Wing
    Typically attributed to Terry Fitzgerald of Australia in 1971, a cutaway in the tail outline intended to break the rail(...)
  • Wipeout
    The traditional term of plummeting off a surfboard while surfing a wave.  
  • Zipperless
    Often regarded the "holy grail" of wetsuits, as zippers no matter how tightly made, will constantly let water through.(...)
  • Zonal
    Weather pattern phrase which indicates that all of the storm action in one specific region is transferring in a(...)
  • Zulu
    Very same as GMT or Greenwich Mean Time. Zulu Time is applied on weather maps which may display 12Z for 1200 GMT, or(...)
  • diffraction, waves breaing into
    The process of wave energy filtering into the path of obstacles such as breakwaters by the exchange of the wave energy(...)
  • pearl, pearl dive, surfboard div
    After pearl diving, a wipeout where the nose or front of the surfboard goes beneath the water, normally when dropping(...)
  • stick, surfboard, board
    Slang for a surfboard.